Cardiovascular Imaging - Review
Spectral Detector CT for Cardiovascular Applications
Department of Radiology, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
Philips Healtcare, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Diagn Interv Radiol ; : -
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Spectral detector computed tomography (SDCT) is a novel technology that uses two layers of detectors to simultaneously collect low and high energy data. Spectral data is used to generate conventional polyenergetic images as well as dedicated spectral images including virtual monoenergetic and material composition (iodine-only, virtual unenhanced, effective atomic number) images. This paper provides an overview of SDCT technology and a description of some spectral image types. The potential utility of SDCT for cardiovascular imaging and the impact of this new technology on radiation and contrast dose are discussed through presentation of initial patient studies performed on a SDCT scanner. The value of SDCT for salvaging suboptimal studies including those with poor contrast-enhancement or beam hardening artifacts through retrospective reconstruction of spectral data is discussed. Additionally, examples of specific benefits for the evaluation of aortic disease, imaging before transcatheter aortic valve implantation, evaluation of pulmonary veins pre- and post-pulmonary radiofrequency ablation, evaluation of coronary artery lumen, assessment of myocardial perfusion, detection of pulmonary embolism, and characterization of incidental findings are presented.