E-ISSN 1305-3612
Interventional Radiology - Original Article
Pelvic abscess drainage: outcome with factors affecting the clinical success
1 Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Radiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24: 146-152
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2018.16500
Abstract

 

PURPOSE:We aimed to evaluate the success and complication rates of image-guided pelvic abscess drainage with emphasis on factors affecting the clinical success.

 

METHODS:During a 7-year period, 185 pelvic abscesses were treated in 163 patients under ultrasonography and fluoroscopy (n=140) or computed tomography (n=45) guidance with transabdominal (n=107), transvaginal (n=39), transrectal (n=21) and transgluteal (n=18) approaches. Abscess characteristics (etiology, number, size, intrastructure, microbiological content, presence of fistula), patient demographics (age, sex, presence of malignancy, primary disease, antibiotic treatments), procedure-related factors (guidance method, access route, catheter size) and their effects on clinical success, complications, and duration of catheterization were statistically analyzed. 

 

RESULTS:Technical and clinical success rates were 100% and 93.9%, respectively. Procedure-related mortality or major complications were not observed. Minor complications such as catheter dislodgement, obstruction, or kinking were detected in 6.7% of the patients. Clinical failure was observed in 10 patients (6.1%). Fistulization was observed in 14 abscesses. Fistulization extended the duration of catheter use (P < 0.001) and decreased the clinical success rate (P < 0.001). The presence of postoperative malignant, complex-multilocular abscesses, and fungus infection in the cavity extended catheter duration (P < 0.001, P = 0.018, and P = 0.007, respectively), whereas the presence of sterile abscess and endocavitary catheterization reduced the catheter duration (P = 0.009 and P = 0.011, respectively).

 

CONCLUSION:İmage-guided pelvic abscess drainage has high clinical success and low complication rates. The only factor affecting the clinical success rate is the presence of fistula.

 

You may cite this article as: Akıncı D, Ergun O, Topel Ç, Çiftçi T, Akhan O. Pelvic abscess drainage: outcome with factors affecting the clinical success. Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24:146–152.

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