E-ISSN 1305-3612
Musculoskeletal Imaging - Original Article
Reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles using MRI mDIXON-Quant sequence
1 Department of Radiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China  
2 Department of Orthopedic Oncology, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China  
3 Beijing Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Beijing, China  
4 Aging Branch National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, Padova, Italy  
5 Department of Radiology University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy; Department of Radiology Scientific Institute “Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza” Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24: 302-307
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2018.17323
Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to assess the reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and the paraspinal muscles using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mDIXON-Quant sequence.


Methods
: Thirty-one healthy volunteers were included. All participants underwent liver mDIXON-Quant imaging on a 3.0 T Philips MRI scanner by observer A. Within two weeks, observer B repeated the scan. After the examination, each observer independently measured the fat content of the third lumbar vertebra (L3), and the psoas (PS), erector spinae (ES), and multifidus (MF) muscles on central L3 axial images. After two weeks, each observer repeated the same measurements. They were blinded to their previous results. Reliability was estimated by evaluating the repeatability and reproducibility.


Results
: The repeatability of the fat content measurements of L3, PS, ES, and MF was high. The intraclass correlation coefficients of the fat content of L3, PS, ES, and MF were 0.997, 0.984, 0.997, and 0.995 for observer A and 0.948, 0.974, 0.963, and 0.995 for observer B, respectively. The reproducibility of the measurement of the fat content of L3, PS, ES, and MF was high, and the interclass correlation coefficients were 0.984, 0.981, 0.977, and 0.998, respectively.


Conclusion
: Using mDIXON-Quant imaging to measure the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles shows high reliability and is suitable for use in clinical practice.


You may cite this article as
: Zhang Y, Zhou Z, Wang C, et al. Reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles using MRI mDIXON-Quant sequence. Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24:302-307.

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