E-ISSN 1305-3612
Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article
Ultra-low dose contrast CT pulmonary angiography in oncology patients using a high-pitch helical dual-source technology
1 Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA;Department of Radiology, Cardiothoracic Imaging, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA  
2 Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.  
3 Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA;Rebecca D. Considine Research Institute, Akron Children’s Hospital, Akron, Ohio, USA  
4 Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA;Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 195-203
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.17498
Abstract

PURPOSE

We aimed to determine if the image quality and vascular enhancement are preserved in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies performed with ultra-low contrast and optimized radiation dose using high-pitch helical mode of a second generation dual source scanner.

 

METHODS

We retrospectively evaluated oncology patients who had CTPA on a 128-slice dual-source scanner, with a high-pitch helical mode (3.0), following injection of 30 mL of Ioversal at 4 mL/s with body mass index (BMI) dependent tube potential (80–120 kVp) and current (130–150 mAs). Attenuation, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in multiple pulmonary arteries. Three independent readers graded the images on a 5-point Likert scale for central vascular enhancement (CVE), peripheral vascular enhancement (PVE), and overall quality.

 

RESULTS

There were 50 males and 101 females in our study. BMI ranged from 13 to 38 kg/m2 (22.8±4.4 kg/m2). Pulmonary embolism was present in 29 patients (18.9%). Contrast enhancement and SNR were excellent in all the pulmonary arteries (395.3±131.1 and 18.3±5.7, respectively). Image quality was considered excellent by all the readers, with average reader scores near the highest possible score of 5.0 (CVE, 4.83±0.48; PVE, 4.68±0.65; noise/quality, 4.78±0.47). The average radiation dose length product (DLP) was 161±60 mGy.cm.

 

CONCLUSION

Using a helical high-pitch acquisition technique, CTPA images of excellent diagnostic quality, including visualization of peripheral segmental/sub-segmental branches can be obtained using an ultra-low dose of iodinated contrast and low radiation dose.

 

 

You may cite this article as: Rajiah P, Ciancibello L, Novak R, Sposato J, Landeras L, Gilkeson R. Ultra-low dose contrast CT pulmonary angiography in oncology patients using a high-pitch helical dual-source technology. Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25:195–203.

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