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Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article
Vascular imaging findings with high-pitch low-dose dual-source CT in atypical Kawasaki disease
1 Department of Radiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
2 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 50-54
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2018.18092
Abstract

PURPOSE: Determining the presence of aneurysms, thrombosis, and stenosis is very important for the diagnosis of atypical Kawasaki disease (AKD) and in the follow-up of AKD patients with aneurysms. We aimed to demonstrate high-pitch low-dose dual-source computed tomography (CT) angiography findings in pediatric patients with AKD.

 

METHODS: Over a 5-year period, high-pitch low-dose CT angiography was performed to determine vascular aneurysms or occlusions in 17 patients who had suspected AKD. The patients ranged from 2 months of age to 11.3 years, with a mean age of 3 years. The American Heart Association’s criteria were used to diagnose AKD.

 

RESULTS: We did not detect any vascular problems in 6 of the patients, and they were not included in our study. Arterial aneurysms were present in 11 patients (aged 2 months to 11.3 years; mean age, 4.2 years; 7 males). In one patient, there was also a thrombus at an arterial aneurysm. Coronary artery aneurysms were detected in 7 patients and systemic artery aneurysms were detected in 7 patients. Three patients had both systemic and coronary aneurysms.

 

CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that high-pitch low-dose dual-source CT can detect all types of aneurysms, stenosis and occlusions of vessels in patients with AKD who were not previously diagnosed. This useful, easy, robust and fast technique may be preferred to diagnose AKD.

 

You may cite this article as: Kantarcı M, Güven E, Ceviz N, Oğul H, Sade R. Vascular imaging findings with high-pitch low-dose dual-source CT in atypical Kawasaki disease. Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 50–54.

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