Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Pre-procedure 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging improves the performance of CT-guided transthoracic biopsy


  • Ai-Fang Jin
  • Zhe-Huang Luo
  • Wan-Ling Qi
  • Qian Liu

Received Date: 08.07.2023 Accepted Date: 11.12.2023 Diagn Interv Radiol 0;0(0):0-0 [e-Pub] PMID: 38293844


To compare computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic lung biopsies (CTLB) with and without pre-procedure 18F-fluorodeoxgyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET)/CT images in the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules/masses.


This is a case-control study in a single center. The data of patients with a transthoracic lung biopsy guided by CT and pre-procedure 18F-FDG PET/CT (group 2, here called the “PETCTLB” group), including demographics, clinical characteristics, and biopsy-related parameters, were collected. The PET/CT scan was performed within 15 days before the biopsy. The data from patients with CTLB were used as controls (group 1). Biopsies for all patients were performed by the same physician between January 2019 and December 2021. The final diagnosis was based on surgical outcomes, or imaging findings, and the results of at least one 6-month follow-up. The demographics and clinical characteristics of patients, lesions and biopsy-related variables, diagnostic yields, and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Two-tailed t-tests were used to compare the mean values in the two independent groups, while categorical variables were compared using the Pearson chi-squared test, and P values < 0.05 were considered to be significant.


A total of 84 patients were included, and 84 biopsies of 84 lung nodules/masses were analyzed. The demographics and clinical characteristics of group 2 (n = 39; 21 men; mean age, 63.2 ± 9.29 years) and group 1 (n = 45; 30 men; mean age, 61.2 ± 12.3 years) had no significant difference (P = 0.230 and 0.397, respectively). The procedure duration (11.1 ± 3.0 vs. 12.9 ± 3.3 minutes, P = 0.008), the number of samples (2.6 ± 0.5 vs. 3.1 ± 0.4, P < 0.001), diagnostic accuracy (97.4% vs. 82.2%, P = 0.033), and bleeding complication (25.6% vs. 42.2%, P = 0.034) of group 2 and group 1 were statistically different.


A biopsy guided by CT plus pre-procedure 18F-FDG PET/CT (PETCTLB) is a safe procedure that can provide a precise diagnosis in the majority of lung nodules/masses. It has better diagnostic performance than CTLB.

Keywords: 18F-FDG PET/CT, CT-guided transthoracic biopsy, lung, nodule, mass