Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Breast Imaging - Pictorial Essay

Abnormal axillary lymph nodes on negative mammograms: causes other than breast cancer


Departments of Radiology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey


Department of Radiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA

Diagn Interv Radiol 2012; 18: 473-479
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.5491-11.2
Read: 1612 Downloads: 843 Published: 03 September 2019



Enlargement of lymph nodes can be due to a variety of benign and malignant causes. The most common malignant cause is invasive ductal carcinoma, which is usually visualized with mammography. Excluding breast cancer, other causes of abnormal lymph nodes that produce a negative mammogram include lymphoma, metastases from other malignancies, and benign etiologies such as inflammatory processes, infectious diseases, collagen vascular diseases, and miscellaneous causes. In this essay, we described common causes of abnormal axillary lymph nodes on negative mammograms excluding breast cancer.
EISSN 1305-3612