Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Adrenal venous sampling for stratifying patients for surgery of adrenal nodules detected using dynamic contrast enhanced CT

1.

Department of Radiology Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University College of Medicine

2.

Department of Radiology Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu

3.

Department of Radiology Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu

4.

Department of Radiology Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2014; 20: 65-71
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2013.13144
Read: 419 Downloads: 241 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: 
We aimed to assess the value of adrenal venous sampling (AVS) for diagnosing primary aldosteronism (PA) subtypes in patients with a unilateral nodule detected on adrenal computed tomography (CT) and scheduled for adrenalectomy. 

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 
This retrospective study included 80 consecutive patients with PA undergoing CT and AVS. Different lateralization indices were assessed, and a cutoff established using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The value of CT alone versus CT with AVS for differentiating PA subtypes was compared. The adrenalectomy outcome was assessed, and predictors of cure were determined using univariate analysis. 

 

RESULTS: 
AVS was successful in 68 patients. A cortisol-corrected aldosterone affected-to-unaffected ratio cutoff of 2.0 and affected-to-inferior vena cava ratio cutoff of 1.4 were the best lateralization indices, with accuracies of 82.5% and 80.4%, respectively. CT and AVS diagnosed 38 patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas, five patients with unilateral adrenal hyperplasia, and 25 patients with bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. Of the 52 patients with a nodule detected on CT, subsequent AVS diagnosed bilateral adrenal hyperplasia in 14 patients (27%). Compared to the results of combining CT with AVS, the accuracy of CT alone for diagnosing aldosterone-producing adenomas was 71.1% (P < 0.001). The cure rate for hypertension after adrenalectomy was 39.2%, with improvement in 53.5% of patients. On univariate analysis, predictors of persistent hypertension were male gender and preoperative systolic blood pressure. 

 

CONCLUSION: 
To avoid inappropriate surgery, AVS is necessary for diagnosing unilateral nodules with aldosterone hypersecretion detected by CT.

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