Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Can pretreatment hepatic artery perfusion scintigraphy in patients with liver malignancies predict the treatment response of the selective internal radiation therapy with 90Y resin microspheres?

1.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey

3.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2022; 28: 156-165
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2022.20775
Read: 309 Downloads: 100 Published: 21 December 2020

PURPOSE

We aimed to evaluate whether the perfusion pattern from pretreatment hepatic artery perfusion scintigraphy (HAPS) in patients with liver malignancies can predict response to selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT).

METHODS

This retrospective study analyzed 152 consecutive patients treated with yttrium-90 (90Y) resin microspheres between April 2015 and July 2017. HAPS using single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) with 99mtechnetium macroaggregated albumin (99mTc-MAA) was performed before SIRT. Investigators visually classified perfusion patterns of tumors as heterogeneous or diffuse in HAPS. Between diffuse and heterogeneous pattern group, positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in third and sixth month after SIRT, and tumor response assessed and compared by using RECIST 1.1 or mRECIST. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were also compared with Kaplan-Meier/log-rank analyses.

RESULTS

Of 216 SIRT procedures, 172 were classified as heterogeneous and 44 as diffuse. Diffuse 99mTc- MAA uptake was associated with longer median OS than heterogeneous (22.2 vs. 14.4 months, respectively; P = .047). Subsegmental infusion was associated with longer OS than either lobar or segmental infusion (P = .090). Mean estimated OS was longer in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (34.2 months) than with colorectal carcinoma (CRC) (16.4 months) (P = .044). Patients with both diffuse and heterogeneous patterns were able to show complete response after SIRT. No statistically significant differences were observed between perfusion patterns and PFS or response rates to SIRT.

CONCLUSION

Although tumor perfusion patterns from preplanning HAPS analyses are useful for estimating tumor uptake of 90Y, they may not reliably predict hepatic treatment response, as patients with different perfusion patterns can show clinical response to SIRT.

You may cite this article as: Guney IB, Balli HT, Kucuker KA, Unal I, Kibar M. Can pretreatment hepatic artery perfusion scintigraphy in patients with liver malignancies predict the treatment response of the selective internal radiation therapy with 90Y resin microspheres? Diagn Interv Radiol. 2022;28 (2):156-165.

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