Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article

Cardiac calcified amorphous tumors: CT and MRI findings

1.

Department of Radiology, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Pathology, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2016; 22: 519-524
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2016.16075
Read: 880 Downloads: 355 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of cardiac calcified amorphous tumors (CATs).

 

METHODS: CT and MRI findings of cardiac CATs in 12 patients were included. We retrospectively examined patient demographics, location, size, shape configuration, imaging features, calcification distribution of tumors, and accompanying medical problems.

 

RESULTS: There was a female predominance (75%), with a mean age at presentation of 65 years. Patients were mostly asymptomatic on presentation (58.3%). The left ventricle of the heart was mostly involved (91%). CT findings of CATs were classified as partial calcification with a hypodense mass in four patients or a diffuse calcified form in eight. Calcification was predominant with large foci appearance as in partially calcified masses. On T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images, CATs appeared hypointense and showed no contrast enhancement.

 

CONCLUSION: The shape and configuration of cardiac CATs are variable with a narrow spectrum of CT and MRI findings, but large foci in a partially calcified mass or diffuse calcification of a mass on CT is very important in the diagnosis of cardiac CATs. Masses show a low signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images with no contrast enhancement on MRI.  

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