Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Cardiovascular Imaging - Pictorial Essay 2016

Congenital thoracic arterial anomalies in adults: a CT overview

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Department of Radiology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey

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From the Department of Radiology, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

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Department of Radiology, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2011; 17: 352-362
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.4645-11.1
Read: 439 Downloads: 229 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

Congenital thoracic arterial anomalies can be incidentally detected in adults from imaging studies performed for other indications. Multidetector computed tomography plays a critical role in the noninvasive assessment of these anomalies and associated cardiac, mediastinal, or parencyhmal changes by providing volumetric data. Radiologists should be familiar with imaging findings of these anomalies to avoid misinterpretation and to establish accurate diagnosis. In this article, we review the imaging characteristics of congenital aortic, pulmonary, and aortopulmonary anomalies with an emphasis on multidetector computed tomography findings. We illustrate the CT findings of congenital arterial anomalies such as double aortic arch, right aortic arch, aortic coarctation, pseudocoarctation, interrupted aortic arch, interruption (absence) of the pulmonary artery, pulmonary artery sling, pulmonary artery stenosis, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus, aortopulmonary window, and patent ductus arteriosus.

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