Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article

Doppler ultrasound evaluation of the structural and hemodynamic changes in the brachial artery following two different exercise protocols

1.

From the Department of Radiology , Ankara University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

2.

From the Departments of Radiology Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

3.

From the Departments of Physiology Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

4.

Departments of Radiology Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2006; 12: 80-84
Read: 687 Downloads: 543 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE
Examine the effects of incremental and submaximal exercise on structural and hemodynamic changes in the brachial artery flow parameters using Doppler ultrasonography.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Twenty four healthy sedentary males (aged 19.54±0.59) performed submaximal (15 minutes heart rate to 75% maximal) and incremental (workload was increased 20W every 3 minutes until exhaustion) exercises by upper extremity ergometer. Before and after exercises the brachial artery diameter, peak systolic maximum velocity (Vmax), end-diastolic minimum velocity (Vmin) and time-averaged mean flow velocity (Vmean), volume blood flow and flow waveform patterns were recorded in a controlled environment.

 

RESULTS
The diameter of the brachial artery, flow velocities, and blood flow increased significantly after each exercise protocol (p<0.001). The Vmax (p<0.05), Vmean (p<0.01), and volume blood flow (p<0.01) after the incremental exercise were significantly higher than those measured after the submaximal exercise. However, no significant differences were noted between the two exercise protocols when arterial diameters and Vmin were concerned. The flow pattern was monophasic in all subjects after incremental exercise. Nevertheless, the flow pattern remained triphasic in two of the subjects after submaximal exercise.

 

CONCLUSION
Blood flow velocities played important role in hemodynamic mechanism than conduit arterial diameter during arm exercises. Changes in conduit artery diameter did not significantly contribute to blood flow increase during high and moderate intensity exercises. There is minimal variation in waveform shapes of normal individuals after exercise. Doppler ultrasonography proved a practical tool in the studies of the dynamic responses of blood flow and vascular resistance during rest and exercises.

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