Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Endovascular management of iatrogenic renal arterial lesions and clinical outcomes

1.

Department of Radiology, Bülent Ecevit University School of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey

3.

Department of Radiology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

4.

Department of Radiology, Dumlupinar University School of Medicine, Kütahya, Turkey

5.

Department of Urology, Harran University School of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2015; 21: 229-234
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2014.14286
Read: 462 Downloads: 123 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE

We aimed to evaluate iatrogenic renal arterial lesions, including pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, and arteriocaliceal fistula, their management by endovascular embolization, and the clinical results.

 

METHODS

Fifty-five patients (forty males, fifteen females) with a median age of 40 years (range, 8–85 years), who underwent endovascular embolization of iatrogenic renal arterial lesions between March 2003 and December 2013 were included in this retrospective study. Types of iatrogenic lesions and details of embolization procedures were reported. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), renal function tests, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels before and after embolization were recorded and compared.

 

RESULTS

Median follow-up was 24 months. We identified 53 pseudoaneurysms, 30 arteriovenous fistulas, and 11 arteriocaliceal fistulas in 55 patients, after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (n=26), renal biopsy (n=21), nephrostomy (n=3), renal surgery (n=3), and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (n=2). Median number of pseudoaneurysms was 1 (range, 1–4) with a median size of 7 mm (range, 1.5–35 mm). Fifty-one patients underwent coil embolization. Median number of coils was 5 (range, 2–21) and median renal parenchymal loss was 5% (range, 1%–50%). There were no significant differences between pre- and postoperative eGFR and serum parameters.

 

CONCLUSION

 

Iatrogenic renal arterial lesion can be a life threatening condition. Superselective coil embolization is a safe, minimally invasive treatment option with minimal renal parenchymal loss and without significant change in renal function.

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