Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Neuroradiology - Pictorial Essay

Imaging features of CNS involvement in AIDS


Departments of Radiology, Abant İzzet Baysal University School of Medicine, Bolu, Turkey


Departments of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Radyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Ankara


Departments of Neurology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Departments of Internal Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2010; 16: 193-200
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.2182-08.1
Read: 771 Downloads: 1138 Published: 03 September 2019


Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are the subjects of a large part of routine neuroradiological work in the Western world currently. The World Health Organization announced that Turkish authorities had reported a cumulative total of 2544 HIV cases from 1985 to 2006, of whom 623 had developed AIDS and 140 had died. It is estimated that approximately one-third of AIDS patients develop neurological complications. The spectrum of diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS) in AIDS patients comprises predominantly opportunistic infections and primary CNS lymphoma. Although to a lesser degree when compared with Western countries, the incidence of AIDS and related neurological diseases are on the rise also in Turkey. Therefore radiologists should recognize HIV-associated problems and their imaging features. In this review, we focus on imaging features of more common CNS diseases in HIV-seropositive patients. This essay has been prepared using radiological studies of the patients who had been managed in our hospital which is a tertiary care center with a highly motivated medical team for this peculiar disease in the years between 2002 and 2008.

EISSN 1305-3612