Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease complicated with vascular lesions: CT findings in 21 patients


Department of Radiology, Huadong Hospital Fudan University, Shanghai, China


Department of Pathology, Huadong Hospital Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 42-49
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2018.18174
Read: 1140 Downloads: 500 Published: 03 September 2019


PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze multislice computed tomography (MSCT) imaging features of vasculitis in immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD).


METHODS: In this retrospective study, we diagnosed 21 definite or possible IgG4-RD patients (71.4% male; mean age, 52.1±4.5 years) with vasculitis by MSCT and pathologic examination. The clinical background, laboratory analysis, pathologic results, CT images, and response to therapy were assessed and analyzed.


RESULTS: Under enhanced MSCT, 50 vasculitic lesions were identified and were divided into five types (types A–E) according to the CT findings on the basis of luminal changes. There were more vasculitic lesions observed below the diaphragm (n=30) than above it (n=20). Aneurysms and aneurysmal dilatation were more likely to be found in the aortaventralis (n=5), aortic arch (n=3) and iliac arteries (n=3). Most of the vascular lesions were characterized by wall thickening with a normal lumen (n=15) and slight stenosis (n=22). The affected vascular walls were all thickened between 4 and 18 mm. The walls of 19 patients (90.4%) were well circumscribed. The wall thickness of the aorta, including the aortaventralis and aortic arch, was more notable than that of  the other vascular sites. Fourteen patients were followed up for 2–24 months. Wall thickness decreased in all cases. The average maximum thicknesses before and after therapy were 12.2±2.7 mm and 6.1±1.8 mm, which were significantly different (P < 0.001). The lumens of two patients were found to be slightly enlarged, while those of the other cases were unchanged after therapy.


CONCLUSION: IgG4-RD vascular lesions can be divided into five types, which are more likely to be present in the aorta and its main branches, and can rapidly diminish after steroid therapy. The lumen may be unchanged or slightly enlarged.


You may cite this article as: Qi L, Mao D, Xiao L, Jin X ,Li M, Hua Y. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease complicated with vascular lesions: CT findings in 21 patients. Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 42–49.

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