Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Abdominal Imaging - Review

MRI of diffuse liver disease: characteristics of acute and chronic diseases

1.

Department of Medical Imaging, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2014; 20: 200-208
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2014.13170
Read: 971 Downloads: 439 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

 Diffuse liver disease, including chronic liver disease, affects tens of millions of people worldwide, and there is a growing need for diagnostic evaluation as treatments become more readily available, particularly for viral liver diseases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides unique capabilities for noninvasive characterization of the liver tissue that rival or surpass the diagnostic utility of liver biopsies. There has been incremental improvement in the use of standardized MRI sequences, acquired before and after administration of a contrast agent, for the evaluation of diffuse liver disease and the study of the liver parenchyma and blood supply. More recent developments have led to methods for quantifying important liver metabolites, including lipids and iron, and liver fibrosis, the hallmark of chronic liver disease. Here, we review the MRI techniques and diagnostic features associated with acute and chronic liver disease.

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EISSN 1305-3612