Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Musculoskeletal Imaging - Review

MRI of lower extremity impingement and friction syndromes in children


Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Radiology, İnönü University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2016; 22: 566-573
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2016.16143
Read: 800 Downloads: 296 Published: 03 September 2019


Although generally more common in adults, lower extremity impingement and friction syndromes are also observed in the pediatric age group. Encompassing femoroacetabular impingement, iliopsoas impingement, subspine impingement, and ischiofemoral impingement around the hip; patellar tendon–lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome; iliotibial band friction syndrome; and medial synovial plica syndrome in the knee as well as talocalcaneal impingement on the hindfoot, these syndromes frequently cause pain and may mimic other, and occasionally more ominous, conditions in children. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a key role in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal impingement and friction syndromes. Iliopsoas, subspine, and ischiofemoral impingements have been recently described, while some features of femoroacetabular and talocalcaneal impingements have recently gained increased relevance in the pediatric population. Fellowship-trained pediatric radiologists and radiologists with imaging workloads of exclusively or overwhelmingly pediatric patients (particularly those without a structured musculoskeletal imaging program as part of their imaging training) specifically need to be aware of these rare syndromes that mostly have quite characteristic imaging findings. This review highlights MRI features of lower extremity impingement and friction syndromes in children and provides updated pertinent pathophysiologic and clinical data.

EISSN 1305-3612