Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Abdominal Imaging - Review

Multiparametric MRI in rectal cancer


Department of Radiology, Koç University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of General Surgery, Koç University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 175-182
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.18189
Read: 1826 Downloads: 728 Published: 03 September 2019


MRI has a pivotal role in both pretreatment staging and posttreatment evaluation of rectal cancer. The accuracy of MRI in pretreatment staging is higher compared with posttreatment evaluation. This occurs due to similar signal intensities of tumoral and posttreatment fibrotic, necrotic, and inflamed tissue. This limitation occurs with conventional MRI of the rectum with morphologic sequences. There is a need towards increasing the accuracy of MRI, especially for posttreatment evaluation. The term multiparametric MRI implies addition of functional sequences, namely, diffusion and perfusion to the routine protocol. This review summarizes the technique, potential implications and previously published studies about multiparametric MRI of rectal cancer.


You may cite this article as: Gurses B, Böge M, Altınmakas E, Balık E. Multiparametric MRI in rectal cancer. Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25:175–182.

EISSN 1305-3612