Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Outcomes of endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta pathologies: 10-year single-center results

1.

Department of Radiology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2022; 28: 370-375
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2022.211293
Read: 104 Downloads: 19 Published: 01 July 2022

PURPOSE
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a safe and effective treatment method for a variety of thoracic aortic pathologies. We aimed to investigate the mortality and complication outcomes and associated factors of TEVAR treatment in Turkey.

METHODS
In this single-centered retrospective study, patients with thoracic aorta pathologies treated with TEVAR at Gazi University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, between January 2009 and January 2020 were included. Perioperative, early, and late mortality, complications, and technical success were the outcomes.

RESULTS
The sample comprised 58 patients with 68 TEVAR interventions. Eleven (16.2%) patients were female, the mean age was 60.1 ± 13.4 years. Emergent TEVAR was required in 20.7% of the patients. The main indications of TEVAR were intact descending aorta aneurysms in 37.9% of the sample, 31.0% Stanford type-B dissection, and 12.1% traumatic transections. The technical success rate of primary and secondary interventions was 98.3% and 100%, respectively. The mortality rate in the first 30 days was 8.6%. Seventeen (29.3%) cases had at least 1 complication related to TEVAR treatment. The most common complication was type-1A endoleak (10.3%). Having acute symptoms, stroke, and acute renal failure were significantly associated with mortality (P=.020, .049, and .009, respectively).

CONCLUSION
This study reported the outcomes of TEVAR treatment from a tertiary medical center in Turkey over a decade. Patients presenting with acute symptoms and who developed stroke and acute renal failure after the procedure should be carefully followed up as these factors were found to be associated with mortality.

You may cite this article as: Akın ME, Akkan K, Özer A, Ilgıt ET, Önal B, Oktar GL. Outcomes of endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta pathologies: 10-year single-center results. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2022;28(4):370-375.

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