Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Neuroradiology - Original Article

Petrous apex cephalocele and empty sella/arachnoid cyst coexistence: a clue for cerebrospinal fluid pressure imbalance?


Departments of Radiology, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Departments of and Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Radiology Integra Medical Imaging Center, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Numune Hastanesi Radyoloji Bölümü, Ankara


Departments of Radiology, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2010; 16: 7-9
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.2650-09.2
Read: 1235 Downloads: 821 Published: 03 September 2019


To reveal the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) properties of incidental petrous apex cephalocele (PAC) and coexisting empty sella-arachnoid cyst.


We reviewed our archive from June 2005 to July 2008. Four patients were diagnosed with PAC (four females; age range, 41–60 years; mean, 48.5). All patients underwent MRI examination of the cranium. We evaluated the lesions for extension into the neighboring structures, content, signal intensity, enhancement, and relation to Meckel's cave, petrous apex and for the presence of empty sella.


The presenting symptoms included headache for three patients and diplopia for one patient. All patients had bilateral PAC, more prominent on one side. All lesions were centered posterolateral to the Meckel's cave. They were isointense to cerebrospinal fluid signal intensity and continuous with Meckel's cave on T1W, T2W and FLAIR sequences. In two patients, there was no diffusion restriction on diffusion-weighted MR images and the ADC map. Three patients had empty sella. One patient had arachnoid cyst.


Coexistence with empty sella-arachnoid cyst raises the possibility of cerebrospinal fluid inbalance in the etiology.

EISSN 1305-3612