Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Abdominal Imaging - Original Article

Prevalence of abdominal ultrasonographic abnormalities in patients with sickle cell disease

1.

From the Departments of Radiology, Mustafa Kemal University School of Medicine, Hatay, Turkey

2.

Departments of Pediatrics, Mustafa Kemal University School of Medicine, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatrics, Antakya State Hospital, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey

4.

From the Departments of Radiology, Mustafa Kemal University School of Medicine, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2008; 14: 133-137
Read: 596 Downloads: 555 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to evaluate the type and prevalence of abdominal ultrasonographic abnormalities in patients with sickle cell disease.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 102 patients with sickle cell disease at the Center of Hemoglobinopathy of the Antakya State Hospital were screened for intra-abdominal abnormalities by abdominal ultrasonography (US). Eightyfour patients were homozygous for sickle-cell disease (S/S), and 18 patients were compound heterozygotes for sickle cell-ß thalassemia (S/ßthal). At the time of examination, 15.7% (16/102) of patients had undergone splenectomy, and 18.6% (19/102) of patients had undergone cholecystectomy.

 

RESULTS
The most frequent US findings (expressed as percentages of all patients) were hepatomegaly (71.6%), renal enlargement (30.4%), autosplenectomy (33.3%), cholelithiasis (30.4%) and splenomegaly (17.4%). A bright liver was identified in 6 patients (5.9%), an echogenic pancreas in 4 patients (3.9%), and pancreatic punctate echogenic foci were identified in 5 patients (4.9%). Medullary or diffusely increased renal echogenicity was observed in 16 patients (15.7%). Sonographic findings typical of renal papillary necrosis were observed in one patient with S/S. Periportal lymphadenopathy was detected in 10 (11.9%) of 84 patients of the S/S group, and 2 (11.1%) of 18 patients of S/ßthal group.

 

CONCLUSION
Abdominal ultrasonographic imaging of patients with sickle cell disease revealed a high prevalence of abdominal abnormalities, especially in solid organs.

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