Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Radiation dose reduction in CT-guided cryoablation of renal tumors

1.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, St James’s University Hospital, Leeds, UK

2.

Department of Medical Physics & Engineering, St James’s University Hospital, Leeds, UK

Diagn Interv Radiol 2021; 27: 244-248
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2021.19548
Read: 145 Downloads: 85 Published: 18 May 2020

PURPOSE 
We aimed to evaluate the effect on the radiation dose to the patient by reducing the tube current during the placement of the ablation needles (reduced dose group) compared with the patient doses delivered when scanning at the standard fully diagnostic level (full dose group) in computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cryoablation.

METHODS
We conducted a retrospective study of 103 patients undergoing cryoablation in a tertiary cancer center. Overall, 62 patients were scanned with standard exposure parameters (full dose group) set on a 64-slice multidetector CT scanner, while 41 patients were scanned on a reduced dose protocol. Dose levels were retrieved from the hospital picture and archiving communication system including the volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol), total dose length product (DLP),  length of cryoablation procedure, number of cryoablation needles and patient size. Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney (rank-sum) tests were used to compare the median DLP, CTDIvol and skin dose between the two groups.

RESULTS
Median total DLP for the full dose group was 6025 mGy•cm (1909–13353 mGy•cm) compared with 3391 mGy•cm (1683–6820 mGy•cm) for the reduced dose group. The reduced dose group had a 44% reduction in total DLP and 42% reduction in total CTDIvol (p < 0.001). The estimated skin doses were 384 mGy for the full dose group and 224 mGy for the reduced dose group (42% reduction) (p < 0.001). At 12-month follow-up, the technical success for the full dose (n=62) was 97% with 2 patients requiring a further cryoablation treatment for residual tumor. The technical success for the reduced dose group (n=41) was 100%.

CONCLUSION
CT dose reduction technique during image-guided cryoablation treatment of renal tumors can achieve significant radiation dose reduction whilst maintaining sufficient image quality.

You may cite this article as: Zhong J, Gallagher M, Hounslow C, Iball G, Wah T. Radiation dose reduction in CT-guided cryoablation of renal tumors. Diagn Interv Radiol 2021; 27: 244–248

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