Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Risk factors for occurrence of local tumor progression after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for lung neoplasms

1.

Department of Radiology,Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

2.

From the Departments of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan

3.

From the Departments of General Thoracic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan

4.

From the Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan

Diagn Interv Radiol 2007; 13: 199-203
Read: 319 Downloads: 153 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE
To examine the characteristics of lung tumors for which radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy is effective, and to determine what RF ablation parameters are effective for obtaining complete coagulation of the entire ablation zone with a single RF ablation session.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Computed tomography (CT)-guided RF ablation of lung tumors was performed on 82 lesions in 34 patients between April 2003 and May 2005. Tumor characteristics and ablation parameters, including tumor size, location, and depth, and ablation duration, power deployed during ablation, and temperatures achieved were analyzed with regard to local tumor progression.

 

RESULTS
In all, 103 RF ablation sessions were performed on 82 tumors. As a procedure-related complication, pneumothorax occurred in 27 procedures. During the mean follow-up period of 10 months (range, 6–28 months), local tumor progression occurred in 18 (22.0%) of the 82 ablated tumors (3 months after RF ablation in 10, 6 months after RF ablation in 5, 9 months after RF ablation in 1, and 12 months after RF ablation in 2). Mean local progressionfree duration was 8.7 ± 4.5 months (range, 3–28 months). The frequency of local tumor progression was significantly correlated with size, whereas other variables had no statistical association. In tumors with a diameter ≥2.5 cm, only the period of ablation during the initial session was significantly correlated with subsequent local tumor progression (P = 0.000002, chi-square test).

 

CONCLUSION
A long duration of RF ablation is desirable for large lung tumors. The success of RF ablation is dependent upon tumor size. RF ablation treatment is most effective for lesions <2.5 cm.

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