Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Tempofilter II implantation in patients with lower extremity fractures and proximal deep vein thrombosis

1.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2014; 20: 245-250
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2013.13289
Read: 327 Downloads: 141 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE

We aimed to examine the efficacy and safety of Tempofilter II (B. Braun, Melsungen, Germany) implantation to prevent pulmonary embolism in patients with lower-extremity fractures and proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

 

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The records of patients with lower limb fractures and proximal DVT who were implanted with Tempofilter II devices from May 2004 to August 2009 were reviewed. Data collected included success rate, occurrence of pulmonary embolism, retrieval rate, and complications.

 

RESULTS

A total of 176 eligible patients, including 129 males (73.3%) and 47 females (26.7%) with a median age of 42.0 years (interquartile range [IQR], 34.0–52.0 years) were included in the study. Filters were successfully implanted in 174 patients (98.9%). One patient experienced a pulmonary embolism after implantation and died. Filters were removed without complications in all other patients. Median filter implantation time was 27 days (IQR, 25.0–29.0 days). Visible organized thrombi were present on the surface of 144 (82.8%) of filters after removal, and the diameter of most thrombi (n=124) ranged from 0.5 to 1.0 cm. Filters migrated <2 cm in 104 patients (59.8%) and ≥2 cm in five patients (2.9%). In these five cases, three filters migrated into the right atrium and two migrated to the orifice of the renal veins.

 

CONCLUSION

Tempofilter II is safe and may be useful in cases of lower extremity fracture with proximal DVT for the prevention of pulmonary embolism. The filter is easily placed and retrieved, and associated with minimal complications.

Files
EISSN 1305-3612