Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Pediatric Radiology - Original Article

The prevalence of pineal cyst in patients with cerebral palsy

1.

Department of Radiology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Ankara Pediatric and Pediatric Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2015; 21: 262-266
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2014.14329
Read: 611 Downloads: 242 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE

Pineal cysts are common incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The etiology of pineal cyst development is still unclear. We aimed to determine whether there is an association between periventricular leukomalacia and pineal cyst prevalence.

 

METHODS

Clinical and MRI data of 201 patients with periventricular leukomalacia (110 female, 91 male; mean age, 6 years; range, 2–18 years) and 687 control patients (355 female, 332 male; mean age, 6 years¸ range, 2–18 years) who did not have any evidence of periventricular leukomalacia were independently evaluated by two radiologists for presence or absence of pineal cyst.

 

RESULTS

Pineal cysts were detected in 32.3% of the study group (65/201) and 8.4% of the control group (58/687) (P < 0.001). Patients with periventricular leukomalacia were more likely to have a pineal cyst. In terms of pineal cyst detection on MRI, interobserver reliability was high between the two radiologists.

 

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of pineal cysts is higher in patients with periventricular leukomalacia. We suggest that an ischemic process may have a role in the etiopathogenesis of pineal cyst development.

 

 

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