Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Treatment strategies and prognosis for initially unresectable ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma: a single-center experience in 94 patients

1.

Department of Interventional Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26: 223-229
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.19049
Read: 187 Downloads: 93 Published: 18 October 2019

PURPOSE: To identify the treatment options and prognostic factors for patients with initially unresectable ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS: Between June 2012 to December 2016, 94 consecutive patients with initially unresectable ruptured HCC were analyzed retrospectively in this study. Patients were followed until December 2017. Predictors of short-term (≤30 days) and long-term (>30 days) survival were identified by using logistic regression model and Cox proportional hazard model, respectively.

RESULTS: Of the 94 patients, initial hemostasis treatment was achieved by transarterial embolization (TAE) in 59 patients, surgical hemostasis in 14, and conservative treatment in 21. Twenty-five (26.6%) patients died within 30 d after tumor rupture. In the multivariate analysis, patients treated with aggressive initial treatment strategies (TAE or surgical hemostasis) (P < 0.001) or those with better Child-Pugh class (P = 0.003) and absence of shock on admission (P = 0.001) had a better chance of short-term survival. Of the 69 patients who survived more than 30 days after initial treatment, the median survival time was 268 d. In the multivariate analysis, among the 69 who survived, early modified LCSGJ stage (P = 0.003) and staged hepatectomy as definitive treatment (P < 0.001) were significant predictors of increased long-term survival.

CONCLUSION: Short-term survival of patients with initially unresectable ruptured HCC could achieve with better Child-Pugh class, absence of shock and aggressive initial treatment strategies. After survived the emergency phase of tumor rupture, long-term survival was significantly increased with early modified LCSGJ stage and staged hepatectomy therapy.

You may cite this article as: Zhou C, Zu QQ, Liu XL, et al. Treatment strategies and prognosis for initially unresectable ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma: a single-center experience in 94 patients. Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26:223–229.

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