E-ISSN 1305-3612
Interventional Radiology - Original Article
The interaction between irreversible electroporation therapy (IRE) and embolization material using a validated vegetal model: an experimental study
1 Department of Radiology, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia.  
2 Department of Pathology, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia  
3 Department of Pathology, Sunshine Hospital, Victoria, Australia  
4 Department of Radiology, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25: 304-309
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.18361
Abstract

 

PURPOSE

Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a nonthermal tumor ablation technique that induces cell apoptosis while preserving extracellular architecture. Surgical clips and embolic agents may lie adjacent to, or within, the target lesion. It is unknown to date if IRE causes degradation to the embolic agents or surgical clips that may have adverse effects to patients. We aimed to examine the effects of the IRE on the morphology of various embolic agents and the effects of these agents to the ablation field using a previously validated vegetal model.

 

METHODS

Metallic surgical clips and various metallic and nonmetallic embolic agents were inserted within the center of the tuber ablation field. Additionally, clips were inserted on the edge and outside the ablation field. One tuber was ablated as a control. Ablation settings were based on previous published experiments. Tubers were imaged with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 18–24 hours after ablation and the ablated field dimensions were measured. Nonmetallic embolic agents were examined microscopically by the pathologist.

 

RESULTS

Nonmetallic agents did not affect the ablation pattern. Metallic implants, however, caused arcing of the ablation margins. There was no macroscopic or microscopic degradation to the agents after IRE.

 

CONCLUSION

The ablation zone arced in the presence of surgical clips at the edge or outside the ablation margins; therefore, nearby critical structures may be susceptible to the effects of IRE. Furthermore, there was no physical degradation of the embolic agents or surgical clips, and this may have importance when considering IRE ablation of previously embolized lesions in vivo.

 

 

You may cite this article as: Chan P, McLean C, Chan S, Goh GS. The interaction between irreversible electroporation therapy (IRE) and embolization material using a validated vegetal model: an experimental study. Diagn Interv Radiol 2019; 25:304–309.

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