ISSN 1305-3825 | E-ISSN 1305-3612
Chest Imaging - Original Article
Risk factors for hemoptysis complicating 17-18 gauge CT-guided transthoracic needle core biopsy: multivariate analysis of 249 procedures
1 Department of Radiology, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité Groupe Hospitalier Cochin-Hotel Dieu, Paris, France  
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité Groupe Hospitalier Cochin-Hotel Dieu, Paris, France  
3 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité Groupe Hospitalier Cochin-Hotel Dieu, Paris, France  
Diagn Interv Radiol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2017.160338
Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to identify modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for hemoptysis complicating computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic needle biopsy.

 

METHODS: All procedures performed in our institution from November 2013 to May 2015 were reviewed. Hemoptysis was classified as mild if limited to hemoptoic sputum and abundant otherwise. Presence of intra-alveolar hemorrhage on postbiopsy CT images was also evaluated. Patient- and lesion-related variables were considered nonmodifiable, while procedure-related variables were considered modifiable.

 

RESULTS: A total of 249 procedures were evaluated. Hemoptysis and alveolar hemorrhage occurred in 18% and 58% of procedures, respectively, and were abundant or significant in 8% and 17% of procedures, respectively. Concordance between the occurrence of significant alveolar hemorrhage (grade ≥2) and hemoptysis was poor (κ=0.28; 95% CI [0.16–0.40]). In multivariate analysis, female gender (P = 0.008), a longer transpulmonary needle path (P = 0.014), and smaller lesion size

(P = 0.044) were independent risk factors for hemoptysis. Transpulmonary needle-path length was the only risk factor for abundant hemoptysis with borderline statistical significance (P = 0.049).

 

CONCLUSION: The transpulmonary needle path should be as short as possible to reduce the risk of abundant hemoptysis during CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy. 

 

 

You may cite this article as: Chassagnon G, Gregory J, Al Ahmar M, et al. Risk factors for hemoptysis complicating 17-18 gauge CT-guided transthoracic needle core biopsy: multivariate analysis of 249 procedures. Diagn Interv Radiol 2017; 23:DOI:10.5152/dir.2017.160338

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