E-ISSN 1305-3612
Musculoskeletal Imaging - Original Article
FSE T2-weighted two-point Dixon technique for fat suppression in the lumbar spine: comparison with SPAIR technique
1 Department of Radiology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea  
2 Department of Radiology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea; Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea  
3 Department of Radiology,Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24: 175-180
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2018.17320
Abstract

 

PURPOSE:Fat suppression magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique has been used to improve the diagnostic confidence in lumbar spine diseases. We aimed to compare T2-weighted water-fat separation technique (T2 Dixon) with spectral attenuated inversion recovery (SPAIR) image for fat suppression.

 

METHODS:Lumbar spine MRI examinations were performed in 79 patients by using a 3.0 T machine. We compared T2 Dixon water-only image and SPAIR image for the evaluation of fat suppression quality and lesion conspicuity. For qualitative evaluation, two radiologists scored the images from Dixon and SPAIR for fat suppression uniformity and lesion conspicuity. Quantitative assessment was also performed for 39 lesions in 26 patients who had lesions in their spine bodies. Contrast ratio (CR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated by signal intensity measurement of the lesions, adjacent bodies, and background noise. The Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test and paired sample t-test were used to assess the statistical significance of qualitative and quantitative data, respectively.

 

RESULTS:For qualitative assessment, T2 Dixon water-only image showed higher mean scores for fat suppression quality and lesion conspicuity than SPAIR (2.99±0.11 vs. 2.18±0.38 and 2.84±0.37 vs. 2.28±0.51, respectively). For quantitative measurement, the CR and CNR values of the lesions were higher on T2 Dixon than on SPAIR. Both qualitative and quantitative results showed statistically significant differences between T2 Dixon and SPAIR (P < 0.01 in all).

 

CONCLUSION:T2 Dixon sequence was superior to SPAIR for the quality of fat suppression and for the delineation of lumbar spine lesions. 

 

You may cite this article as: Lee S, Choi DS, Shin HS, Baek HJ, Choi HC, Park SE. FSE T2-weighted two-point Dixon technique for fat suppression in the lumbar spine: comparison with SPAIR technique. Diagn Interv Radiol 2018; 24:175–180.

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